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By khushboo Begwani

The iPhone That Stole The Show

THE iPHONE THAT STOLE THE SHOW

Twishaa Tandon, 13th September 2017

 

Steve Jobs once said, “One of the ways that I believe people express their appreciation to the rest of humanity is to make something wonderful and put it out there.”  Also making it to Tim Cook’s opening quote at the Apple event held on Tuesday evening, these lines couldn’t have been picked better to prepare the audience for what was to come, that is, the iPhone X.

Ten years after Steve Jobs introduced the first internet connected smartphone to an awestruck world, came the iPhone X (pronounced as ‘iPhone ten’) that does greater fan service as the “future of smartphones.”

The iPhone X is a clean break from its predecessors and here are the highlights of what it has to offer-

 

  • A Brand-New Design

With the home button gone, the iPhone X has an edge to edge display. It has a glass front and back. The glass has a deeper strengthening layer making it, what Apple claims is, a durable smartphone.

 

  • OLED Display

Benefits like more accurate colours and better image uniformity come with Apple’s first ever introduction of the OLED screen in the iPhone series. Calling it a Super Retina display, the iPhone X supports 2046×1125 resolution and HDR in both Dolby Vision and HDR

 

  • Face ID

Since the home button is gone, Face ID will give users access to their iPhones. Apple claims this new feature makes the iPhone X more secure and convenient for use. Besides unlocking the iPhone, the Face ID performs other functions like it can check if you’re using the phone before shutting off the screen. It won’t play loud alert sounds if it senses you’re looking at it. Animated emojis, called animojis, will also, make use of Face ID to lay user expressions onto emojis and give them a unique look.

 

  • Superior Camera

Always one of iPhone’s standout features, the camera this time around only gets better. The rear camera features a 12-megapixel sensor, with dual-lenses at f1.8 and f2.4 apertures. The exciting introduction to the camera is the Portrait Lighting that lets users select lighting effects. So, users can now, tweak the flash to make the picture lighting look more natural. Video have faster frame rate support and 4K capture. The iPhone lets users capture a slow-motion film in HD.

 

  • Improved Battery

Apple claims that the iPhone X’s battery will last 2 hours longer than its predecessors’. Wireless charging technology enters mainstream technology with Apple adopting it for the iPhone X. Bid goodbye to plugging the iPhone to a charger. Users will now, just lay their iPhone X on an inductive pad, called AirPower, that can charge iPhones, Apple Watch and AirPods at the same time.

 

  • Higher Efficiency

With the iPhone’s A11 Bionic and 3 gigs of RAM, users can expect better efficiency. It probably also, needs all that power to work all its new features like the Super Retina Display.

 

In India, a 64GB iPhone X costs INR 89,000 and Apple will offer a 256GB version of the iPhone too that will cost INR 1,02,000.

By khushboo Begwani

How to Prevent Age-related Macular Degeneration?

How to Prevent Age-related Macular Degeneration?

Twishaa Tandon, 31st August 2017

 

Macular Degeneration is an incurable eye disease, which usually afflicts people over the age of 70. It is a leading cause of vision loss, more than cataracts and glaucoma combined (American Macular Degeneration Foundation).
A study concluded that 8·7% of the worldwide population has age-related macular degeneration, and the projected number of people with the disease is around 196 million in 2020 which will increase to 288 million in 2040 (Wan Ling Wong*)
The degeneration takes place when the central portion of the retina, responsible for recording images and sending them to the brain, deteriorates. The central portion is called the macula and controls our ability to read, identify faces or colours and see objects in detail.

This is what a person with the disease may see.

 

There are two types of Macular Degeneration. The “dry” kind is the common one, while the “wet” is comparatively rarer. A person afflicted with the disease will go through three stages- early, intermediate and late. Symptoms do not show in the early stage, but vision loss starts to increase as a person moves from the intermediate to late stage. Not much is known about what the cause of the disease is, but it can be said that causes include both heredity and environment.
The good news is that it can be prevented!
Here’s what you can do to reduce the risk of Macular Degeneration when you get older.

 
1. Quit smoking  

 

2. Add dark, leafy green vegetables to your diet 

 

3. Based on your doctor’s advice, take a balanced multivitamin/multimineral supplement

 

4. Eat fish or take a fish oil supplement

 

5. Maintain a healthy weight by exercising regularly

 

6. Make eating fruits and nuts a habit

 

7. Limit your intake of high-glycemic index foods, like donuts and mashed potato

 

8. Keep your blood pressure and cholesterol under control

 

9. Wear sunglasses outdoors to block UV and blue light

 

10. Get your eyes checked regularly

 

References
American Macular Degeneration Foundation. n.d. https://www.macular.org/what-macular-degeneration. 31 May 2017.
Chris A. Knobbe, MD. Macular Degeneration Prevention. n.d. http://www.allaboutvision.com/conditions/amd-prevention.htm. 31 May 2017.
Wan Ling Wong*, Xinyi Su*, Xiang Li, Chui Ming G Cheung, Ronald Klein, Ching-Yu Cheng†, Tien Yin Wong†. “Global prevalence of age-related macular degeneration and disease burden projection for 2020 and 2040: a systematic review and meta-analysis.” The Lancet Global Health (2014).

By khushboo Begwani

Medanta’s Kidney and Urology Institute

 

Medanta’s Kidney and Urology Institute

A patient walking into Medanta’s Kidney and Urology Institute, gets a comprehensive health care in terms of renal disease under one roof, starting from medical to surgical aspect of the disease.

By khushboo Begwani

Food That Helps People with Bipolar Disorder

Food That Helps People with Bipolar Disorder

Twishaa Tandon, 30th August 2017

 

Also known as manic-depressive illness, Bipolar disorder causes shifts in a person’s mood, energy and ability to function. People with bipolar disorder swing between different emotional states that are known as mood episodes. There are 3 kinds of mood episodes- manic, depressive and hypomanic. Lying on one end of the scale is manic episodes, characterized by “up,” and energized behaviour. A less severe form of manic episodes is hypomanic which does not last as long. Depressive episodes lie at the other extreme of the scale, during which a person can experience hopelessness and sadness.

The good news is that people with the disorder can be treated and they can go on to live full and healthy lives. Treatment usually includes a combination of psychotherapy and medication. One of the most commonly used mood stabilizers is valproate, however, treatment with lithium has proven to be generally more effective than valproate. Most doctors prescribe drugs that contain lithium, but there are some foods that can naturally increase the intake of the metal without any side-effects.

  1. Shrimp, lobster, oysters and scallops

 

2. Beans, lentils, chickpeas and soybeans

 

3. Milk

 

4. Eggs

 

5. Mushrooms

 

6. Cucumber

 

7. Tomato

 

Caution must be exercised when consuming lithium. Although natural sources of the mineral usually do not cause any harm, an overdose of lithium can cause rapid heart rate, weakness and lower cognitive processing. The disorder is not the same for everybody, so doctors are the best people to consult for a treatment plan. No medication must be taken without a prescription from the doctor.

 

References

“Bipolar Disorder.” n.d. National Institute of Mental Health. https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/bipolar-disorder/index.shtml.

Cespedes, Andrea. “What Foods Contain Lithium?” 6 September 2015. Livestrong.com. http://www.livestrong.com/article/519437-what-foods-contain-lithium/.

Lars Vedel Kessing, Gunnar Hellmund, John R. Geddes, Guy M. Goodwin, Per Kragh Andersen. “Valproate v. lithium in the treatment of bipolar disorder in clinical practice: observational nationwide register-based cohort study.” June 2011. The British Journal of Psychiatry. http://bjp.rcpsych.org/content/199/1/57#sec-5.

Review By: Ranna Parekh, M.D., M.P.H. “What Are Bipolar Disorders?” January 2017. American Psychiatric Association. https://www.psychiatry.org/patients-families/bipolar-disorders/what-are-bipolar-disorders.

By khushboo Begwani

6 Android O Features to Look Forward To

6 Android O Features to Look Forward To

Rongana Nath, 30th August 2017

 

After Kitkat, Marshmallow, and Nougat, Android continues to keep it sweet with its recent update, Oreo. This new version offers some promising features that take user experience a notch higher. You’re in luck if you have a Pixel or Nexus phone because you’ll receive the update first. Others, however, may have to wait till the end of this year.

Here are 6 features you will look forward to-

 

  1. Picture-in-picture mode

As a feature that’s still missing in iPhones, the PiP gives Android phones an edge over their iOS counterparts. You can now ditch the habit of switching from app to app while watching videos. Minimize it and let the video float on your screen, while you continue doing other important tasks at hand.

 

  1. Battery life

Get greater freedom from the charger! According to a report in Wired, the update increases battery life by automatically limiting what an app can do when it is open in the background. This will restrain data use in an app that is not the main one being used.

 

  1. Auto fill APIs

Tired of typing the same information over and over? Well you won’t have to anymore! Apps will have the ability to automatically fill in your information (username, email id and password) for a seamless interaction.

 

  1. Manage notifications like a pro

Android is only now getting what iOS had since the first iPhone- the tiny dot on the screen. With this update, you’ll find a small dot in the top right corner of your screen. A long press will show you a display of several tasks. You can also, snooze notifications based on your convenience.

 

  1. Instant Apps

Experience what you love about apps without having to install them! This is probably the most exciting feature in recent years. It works well for both, users and developers. Users get to try out news apps and developers can showcase the most exciting features of their apps. It already works for Android 6.0 and up, but the feature is enabled by default in Android Oreo.

 

  1. Improved security

You may have to worry less about downloading viruses with Google Play Protect, which automatically scans apps and the rest of the system. Google Play Protect is also, part of an initiative to differentiate devices that are certified by Google from those that are not. So, if you don’t find the green Google Play Protect logo on your phone’s packaging, you’ll know yours is not a certified Android device.

 

 

Some References

Ahaskar, Abhijit. 2017. Livemint. August 29. http://www.livemint.com/Technology/2JcleUg0TA3bWClWOwfBbP/Access-Googles-Instant-Apps-on-your-Android-phone.html.

Burgess, Matt. 2017. Wired. August 21. http://www.wired.co.uk/article/android-oreo-features-release-download-public.

Burns, Matt. 2017. TechCrunch. August 21. https://techcrunch.com/2017/08/21/android-o-vs-ios-11-whats-different-and-whats-the-same/.

Carlon, Kris. 2017. Android Authority. August 25. http://www.androidauthority.com/android-8-0-review-758783/.

Gartenberg, Chaim. 2017. The Verge. August 28. https://www.theverge.com/circuitbreaker/2017/8/28/16215530/google-certified-android-device-play-store-apps-protect-logo-boxes.

Keach, Sean. 2017. Trusted Reviews. August 29. http://www.trustedreviews.com/news/android-oreo-features-3266704.

Lardinois, Frederic. 2017. TechCrunch. August 21. https://techcrunch.com/gallery/whats-new-in-android-oreo/.

By khushboo Begwani

3 Mental Exercises to Achieve the Impossible

3 Mental Exercises to Achieve the Impossible

Twishaa Tandon, 29th August 2017

 

You know you must exercise to battle your health problems. But do you lack will power?
There’s a huge task that lies before you. But do you lack the perseverance to get through it?

Well, that’s going to change!

Believe it or not, it only takes a few minutes a day to build mental strength. You can tap into your true potential and do things that may have earlier, seemed impossible. Building mental strength requires the same consistency you need to build physical strength.
Dedicate a few minutes to your mental strength and you’ll see the difference. You will think differently, successfully manage your emotions, and be productive!

Here’s what you need to do-

1. Find 3 things you’re grateful for each day

An untrained brain tends to focus on burdens rather than blessings. This habit adversely affects your psychological health. Making a conscious effort of listing things you are grateful for, will reduce depression and make you a happier person!

Write down what you’re thankful for, before going to bed. Gratitude can become a habit.
2. Seize the day!

The trick to staying strong is to stop yourself from replaying the past and wondering about the future. Stay in the present moment and focus on the here-and-now. Studies show that mindfulness leads to benefits like stress reduction.

Take just a minute to focus on what’s happening around you. Listen and think about the sensations passing through your body. Regular practice will increase your ability to focus, a herculean task considering our fast-paced world.
3. Fake it until you make it

Don’t procrastinate a pressing need by waiting until you feel better about getting to the task. You’ll never find, what you think is, the right time. Studies suggest that you must behave like the person you want to become. A change in behaviour leads to a change in emotions and thoughts.
In a moment of self-doubt, pretend to be confident and it’ll automatically increase people’s confidence in you, thereby boosting your own.
Do these short exercises consistently and build your mental muscle! This is what you need to maintain focus and utilize your potential.

 

References
Morin, Amy. “3 Exercises That Build Mental Strength In Just 5 Minutes.” Psychology Today 29 May 2017.

By khushboo Begwani

Textile innovation for fashion evolution

Textile innovation for fashion evolution

Khushboo Begwani, 25th July 2017

 

The fashion and textile industry like all other industries is also experiencing a massive change. While on one hand we see a huge demand for clothes and growth of fast fashion retailers which creates wastage and unsustainability, on the other hand smart textiles, sustainable fashion, interactive fabrics, 3D printed fashion and many other innovations have opened up opportunities for young designers and entrepreneurs. Many designers and fast fashion brands are exploring alternatives to traditional materials and fabrics.

4 innovative textiles to use now-

1. Ecodown- a vegan textile solution

Thermore, a leading Italian producer of thermal insulations has created Ecodown, a sustainable solution made of 100% recycled post-consumer plastic bottles. This product has been certified as being vegan by PeTA (People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals). It will allow the reuse of bottles, which would have otherwise ended their useful life as waste in a landfill. Depending on the application, outerwear insulated with Ecodown can save up to 10 bottles per garment, the company reports.

 

2. Orange ‘silk’ fiber

Orange fiber is a textile made by extracting cellulose from the fibers that are discarded from industrial pressing and processing of oranges. Bulk manufacturing result in piles of wasted peels and seeds- as much as 25million tons a year. The fiber created, through nanotechnology techniques, is also enriched with citrus fruit essential oil resulting in a vitaminC textile that nourishes the skin.

 

3. Algae-based fabric

A traditional cotton fabric takes more than 20,000 liters of water for a single pair of jeans. A cotton crop uses more insecticides than any other crop in the world. A quick-growing algae, on the other hand, doesn’t require extra water besides the oceans and lakes it grows in. The KTH Royal Institute of Technology has developed an antibacterial thread that uses a mix of bio-compatible plastics and lanosol, a bacteria-fighting compound that is normally found in red algae. Algae-based thread keeps the clothes odor-free.

 

4. Tethered soft exosuit

Researchers at the Wyss Institute and John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) at Harvard University have demonstrated that a tethered soft exosuit can reduce the metabolic cost of running on a treadmill by 5.4% compared to not wearing the exosuit, bringing those dreams of high performance closer to reality. The soft exosuit technology builds an ideal platform for assisted running, as its textile-based design is lightweight and moves with the body.

 

 

References- 

1 Million Women. (2016, March 11). These clothes are made out of recycled food waste.

Fashionating World. (2016, January 6). OPPORTUNITIES: NEW INNOVATIONS, TECHNOLOGIES TO DRIVE INDUSTRY IN 2016.

Innovation In Textiles. (2017, July 13). Thermore is now PeTA approved vegan.

Wearable Technology Insights. (2017, June 9). Tethered soft exosuit reduces metabolic cost of running.

By khushboo Begwani

Come monsoons! Come water-borne diseases

Come monsoons! Come water-borne diseases

Rongana Nath, 21st July 2017

The Monsoons bring relief from the unbearable heat in India, and along with that relief comes germs and bacteria that gives rise to water-borne and vector-borne diseases. Here’s a list of diseases you should be careful of and how to prevent it.

Viral Fever

This is a common condition anyway but the monsoons bring a lot more cases of viral fever. If you have symptoms like body ache, fever, sore throat, and sneezing during this season then visit a doctor. Cold and flu are the other common conditions that might affect you.

What to do– Carry your umbrellas and raincoats and don’t get drenched in the rain.

 

Stomach infections

Viral or bacterial infection such as gastroenteritis is also common during the monsoons which causes inflammation and irritation in the stomach and intestine and also diarrhea.

What to do– Drink a lot of fluid and avoid too spicy and sweet foods. Also, do not eat something that could possibly be contaminated. Remember to wash vegetables and fruits before eating them. Hygiene wise, make it a point to clean your hands with antiseptic soap as often as possible.

 

Jaundice

Jaundice forms when there is too much bilirubin in your system. Bilirubin is a yellow pigment that is formed by the breakdown of dead red blood cells in the liver. 

What to do– Eating fruits can help you flush down the toxins. Citrus fruits like oranges, lemon, lime etc. may help limit the production of bilirubin in the body. You should also stick to regular fruits like apples, grapes, pears, and pineapples. Drinking at least 8 glasses of water will help you too.

 

Malaria

Waterlogging is a usual problem in India during the rainy season. This is an ideal time for the mosquitos to breed in the stagnant water. Malaria is spread by the “Female Anopheles” mosquito where you may experience muscle pain, shivering, and weakness.

What to do– First and foremost, avoid letting the water stagnate around the area where you live in. That can be in the flower pots, cooler, unused utensils et cetera.

 

Typhoid

The Styptic bacteria that cause typhoid remain active in the monsoon. So be careful of what you eat and drink. Typhoid may give you severe pain in the abdomen and headache and stubborn fever. Do you know the infection of typhoid may stay remain in the gall bladder even post treatment?

What to do– Stay away from the other family members as typhoid is communicable through feces and urine of an infected person. Take a lot of fluid and do visit a doctor.

 

Chikungunya

The infected Aedes albopictus mosquitoes are most active in the daytime and breeds in the dirty water.

What to do– Try and wear full sleeve clothes while stepping outside. Keep mosquitoes away from yourself by using mosquito repellent. Keep the doors and windows of your room close.

 

Prevention is better than cure anytime.

That’s why during monsoon-

-Clean your feet after returning home and keep them dry. Prefer open shoes.

-Do not wear wet clothes as it may cause the fungal infection in the skin and nails.

-Be extra careful with what you consume as the germs count could be high during this time.

-Drink only purified or boiled water to avoid water borne diseases.

 

Some References

Healthline. n.d. http://www.healthline.com/health/jaundice-yellow-skin.

Indiatimes. n.d. http://www.indiatimes.com/health/healthyliving/11-monsoon-related-diseases-and-dangers-to-be-wary-of-this-rainy-season-242867.html.

WHO. n.d. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs327/en/.

Wockhardt Hospitals . n.d. https://www.wockhardthospitals.com/most-common-monsoon-diseases-and-how-to-prevent-them.

 

By khushboo Begwani

Understanding Brain Cancer

Understanding Brain Cancer

Janaki Fernandes, 20th July 2017

The morning of 20th July brought news that Senator John McCain, the 2008 Republican presidential nominee was operated for brain cancer at Mayo Clinic in the US. He was diagnosed with glioblastoma, known to be one of the most malignant brain tumours. 

Suddenly I found myself scrambling to understand what it entailed to be diagnosed with malignant brain tumour.

According to oncologists at Medanta Hospital in Gurgaon, brain cancer is one of the most aggressive and devastating kinds of cancer with survival rates being one of the lowest. Brain tumours are abnormal growth of cells in the brain. Brain tumours can be malignant (cancerous) or benign. Malignant tumours can grow and spread rapidly. Benign tumours typically do not spread but can still cause problems. Both benign and malignant tumours should be treated by specialist neurologists or neurosurgeons. Like other cancers, brain cancer too is given a stage after tests are performed. Brain cancers are classified from stage I to IV.

According to the Cancer Treatment Centers of America, Glioblastoma, is the most common grade IV brain cancer. Glioblastomas may appear in any lobe of the brain, but it develops more commonly in the frontal and temporal lobes.

A report in The Hindu in June last year, says that in India, every year 40,000-50,000 persons are diagnosed with brain tumour. Of these 20 per cent are children.  The same article quotes Brain Tumour Foundation of India that says that brain tumour is the second most common cancer among children after leukaemia.

The NHS of the UK states that the symptoms of a malignant brain tumour depend on how big it is and where it is in the brain.

Common symptoms include:

  • severe, persistent headaches

  • seizures (fits)

  • persistent nausea, vomiting and drowsiness

  • mental or behavioural changes, such as memory problems or changes in personality

  • progressive weakness or paralysis on one side of the body

  • vision problems

  • speech problems

Primary treatment remains surgery to remove the tumour. Chemotherapy and Radiation are then used to treat the patients.

Steroids are also often used not to treat, but to reduce the swelling around a tumour. They are not the same as anabolic steroids used by athletes to build muscle. Steroids can temporarily relieve brain tumour symptoms, promote a feeling of well-being, and increase appetite.

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Photo Credits: Freepik, Stocksnap, Unsplash, Graphicburger, Pixabay
The iPhone That Stole The Show
How to Prevent Age-related Macular Degeneration?
Food That Helps People with Bipolar Disorder
6 Android O Features to Look Forward To
3 Mental Exercises to Achieve the Impossible
Textile innovation for fashion evolution
Come monsoons! Come water-borne diseases
Understanding Brain Cancer